Search 1 Billion Names - Newtab2        

Lithuanian  Lietuviškai   Russian  По-русски  
Medieval Lithuania
CASTLES OF LITHUANIA

              The Castle of Voruta |  History of Voruta |  News |  Research reports |  Articles |  Poetry


Gintautas Zabiela

WHERE WAS THE CASTLE OF VORUTA SITUATED?

Summary

       Among the names of places, dating back to the 13th century, Voruta has not been discovered yet. In 1251 Mindaugas defended himself against the allies attacks in this castle. From the beginning of the 19th century up to this day Voruta has been sought in 13 places in Lithuania and Byelorussia. The search was superficial and yielded no positive results. The most weighty hypothesis of Romas Batūra, according to which Voruta was identified with Vilnius, is also much criticised.
       Voruta was mentioned only in the manuscript of Hipatius. The analysis of the text shows it to be an authentic and reliable source. According to the description of the castle and historical situation the Voruta castle can be best identified with the Šeimyniškėliai hill-fort (Anykščiai region). This is the largest hill-fort in East Lithuania. However, the fact of the castle's existence in the 13th or 14th century, was not mentioned in the historical sources. In 1935 Eduardas Volteris put forward a hypothesis about the Voruta castle being situated there, but did not ground his arguments on facts.
       Historical and linguistic data do not contradict the place of location of Voruta on the hill-fort of Šeimyniškėliai. This was confirmed by the archaeological excavations in 1990. The analysis of 100 sq meters showed a short existence of the castle in the 13th century. There was a cemetery near the hill-fort. The whole complex of archaeological structures came into existence and disappeared simultaneously. Voruta fell into decay soon after the death of Mindaugas. Therefore the name of Voruta was not left in the other historical sources.

       Lietuvos istorijos metraštis. 1991 metai. Vilnius, 1993. P. 21.

Back Articles     Poetry of Voruta Next    

 
History
Introduction
Chronology
Sources
Viking Age
Origin of the State
Grand Dukes
Society
Introduction
Social strata
State structure
Warfare
Religion
Writing and languages
Castles
Introduction
The Castle of Voruta
History
News
Research reports
Articles
Poetry
Wooden Castles
Brick Castles
Legacy of the GDL
Introduction
Articles
Maps
Discussions
 
About the author of the site
Biography
Contacts
 
 
 
Sign the Guest Book: