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Medieval Lithuania
CASTLES OF LITHUANIA

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Fids from Šeimyniškėliai hill-fort
1, 2 - two steel
crossbow arrowheads,
3 - bronze twisted
bracelet with
widened ends, 4 - bronze ring
with twisted front

Research reports

Summaries
(full texts available in Lithuanian)
Gintautas Zabiela
Investigations of the Šeimyniškėliai hill-forts and settlement

       ILH in 1990 and 1991 explored an area of 200 m² in the hill-forts and area of 110 m² - to the South-West in the settlement and 21 pit in the settlement as well. A cultural stratum of 15 cm thick with the artefacts from 13th c. has been discovered: 2 arbalete spearheads, knives, brass bracelets, a ring, 56 fragments of pots, etc. Archaeological, historical and linguistic data prove that Mindaugas' Castle Voruta had stood in the Šeimyniškėliai hill-fort.

       Archeologiniai tyrinėjimai Lietuvoje 1990 ir 1991 metais = Archaeological investigation in Lithuania in 1990-1991. Vilnius, 1992. D. 1. P. 135.














Gintautas Zabiela
Investigations of the Šeimyniškėliai cemetery

       In 1910 Dr. J. Basanavičius investigated the Šeimyniškėliai cemetery to South-West from the Šeimyniškėliai hill-fort (in 1925 it was commenced by the school children of Anykščiai). In 1990 the ILH explored an area of 136,1 m² and found 36 graves in total, and 50 accidental finds as well. Graves have been dated back to the 13th-18th centuries.

       Archeologiniai tyrinėjimai Lietuvoje 1990 ir 1991 metais = Archaeological investigation in Lithuania in 1990-1991. Vilnius, 1992. D. 2. P. 158.


Pot from the 2nd bailey of Šeimyniškėliai hill-fort
Pot from the 2nd bailey
of Šeimyniškėliai hill-fort
Gintautas Zabiela
Research of archaeological monuments in Šeimyniškėliai

       In 1992-1993 ILH proceeded with the investigations of the Šeimyniškėliai hill-fort (a place of the Voruta Castle). An area of 153 sq m has been examined in the hill-fort. A cross-section of SW slope and old road has been made. A cross-section of fortification constructions has been made (52 sq m). Places of tower and supposed rampart (in total 19,9 sq m) have been examined too. A rare material has been dated to the 13th century.

       Archeologiniai tyrinėjimai Lietuvoje 1992 ir 1993 metais = Archaeological investigation in Lithuania in 1992-1993. Vilnius, 1994. P. 328.


Gintautas Zabiela
Research on the Šeimyniškėliai hill-fort 1994-1995
Rare Lithuanian coin
Rare Lithuanian coin

       From 1994 until 1995 LIH continued the research on the Šeimyniškėliai hill-fort (Anykščiai distr.), the research had been started in 1990. Alongside with the examined areas, an area of 260 sq. m. was exposed, the findings included a disturbed 13-14 c. cultural layer with ceramics, iron arrowheads, remains of brass ornaments, wheelmade pottery, animals bones. The research revealed that the castle had stood on the hill-fort even in 14 c. It was proved by a rare Lithuanian coin bearing the "ПЕЧАТЬ" inscription and a four-legged animal on one side as well as a tamga on the other side.

       Archeologiniai tyrinėjimai Lietuvoje 1994 ir 1995 metais = Archaeological investigation in Lithuania in 1994 and 1995. Vilnius, 1996. P. 410.


Gintautas Zabiela
Excavation of Šeimyniškėliai hill-fort, 1996-1997
Bronze key
Bronze key from
Šeimyniškėliai hill-fort.

       In 1996-1997 in the area of Šeimyniškėliai hill-fort (Anykščiai district) LIH examined a total area of 360 m². On the site of the supposed ancient worship place an area of 24 m² was researched, while on the site of the ancient road an area of 30 m² was studied. The research included such archaeological research methods as panning of soil, metal detecting and biolocation. The team noted structural remains of buildings from the 13th - early 15th centuries: some postholes, a stove, a stone paving, pieces of metal work and pottery. The findings include a rare Lithuanian coin and a small silver cross.

       Archeologiniai tyrinėjimai Lietuvoje 1994 ir 1995 metais = Archaeological investigations in Lithuania in 1996 and 1997. Vilnius, 1998. P. 119.


Gintautas Zabiela
Decade of archaeological excavation of Šeimyniškėliai Hill-fort

       During the decade (1990-1999) LIH explored more than one third (1470 m²) of the flat hilltop of Šeimyniškėliai (Anykščiai district) Hill-fort, one of the biggest Lithuanian hill-forts. Here the disturbed habitation zone dating from the beginning of the 13-15th century with all finds of this period was found. During this period around the hill-fort both fortified foot settlements, a foot settlement, an ancient road and old burials were explored. During the exploration of Šeimyniškėliai Hill-fort, for the first time in Lithuania a metal detector and ground sifting method were used and the biolocation method tested.

       Archeologiniai tyrinėjimai Lietuvoje 1998 ir 1999 metais = Archaeological investigations in Lithuania in 1998 and 1999. Vilnius, 2000. P. 143.


Gintautas Zabiela
Exploration of Šeimyniškėliai cemetery in 1999

       In 1999 the LIH excavated the part of Šeimyniškėliai cemetery (Anykščiai district) which is damaged by the nearby road - the total area of 294 m². There were unearthed 19 inhumations with burial items dating to the end of the 14th-the 15th century: iron knives, belt buckles, bronze tin-shaped and penannular brooches, rings, necklaces of pendants, bells and beads, etc. The cemetery had been used till the 18th century, which is proved by a burial dating to the mentioned period.

       Archeologiniai tyrinėjimai Lietuvoje 1998 ir 1999 metais = Archaeological investigations in Lithuania in 1998 and 1999. Vilnius, 2000. P. 337.


Gintautas Zabiela
Šeimyniškėliai hill-fort and the location of the ancient road
Finds from Šeimyniškėliai hill-fort
Finds from the area 3
of the foot of the slope
of Šeimyniškėliai hill-fort.

       In 2000 the LIH in Šeimyniškėliai (Eastern Lithuania, Anykščiai district) hill-fort has investigated the area of 200 m² and found the remains of the fortifications of the 13th-14th centuries, single finds of the 13th-14th centuries. In the north-east side of the foot of the hill-fort the total area of 75 m² has been investigated in the place of the former ancient road and the bridge across the Vorelis river, the earthworks of up to 3.5 m thick have been found, clay layers mostly, marking the separate stages of the road improvement.

       Archeologiniai tyrinėjimai Lietuvoje 2000 metais = Archaeological investigations in Lithuania in 2000. Vilnius, 2002. P. 49.

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